Manuscript Preparation


Text Layout:

All the texts should be double-spaced and prepared using white A4 paper (use standard margins of Microsoft Word). The texts should be typed in 12 pt font size and standard fonts (preferred Times New Roman and Symbol fonts). Number all pages consecutively.


Structure of the Manuscript for Academics

All manuscripts (except Review Articles and Correspondence) must be submitted in the following format: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements (if applicable), References, Table Titles, Figure Captions, Tables and Figures. The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and footnote.  


Should be concise and informative (not exceed 150 characters including spaces). Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. 


Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) linked by superscript numbers and indicate the corresponding author and provide e-mail address. Provide the complete postal address of each affiliation including the country name. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address for the corresponding author.

Each paper should be provided with an abstract of fewer than 200 words. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. Any references, citations and unnecessary abbreviations should be avoided.


Appropriate key words (4-5) should be provided with careful consideration for indexing and abstracting.


Authors should distinguish clearly between main and subsidiary headings. Divide your article (start from Introduction) into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc.. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.


State the main aim(s) of the work and provide a rationale (understandable to a broad audience) or previous relevant work with appropriate references.  

Figures and Tables

Figures and tables must be embedded in the text. Figures must be numbered sequentially (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.). Figures should have a brief caption describing what is being presented. The figure number and caption appear under the entire figure. Tables must be consecutively numbered (Table 1, Table 2, etc.). Tables should have a descriptive title typed directly above the table text. Please indicate the location of tables and figures consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text.

The main conclusions should present
the significant implications drawn from the manuscript (maximum 150 words).  

References must be cited directly or parenthetically in the text and listed at the end of the manuscript alphabetically and chronologically. Please provide full name and avoid Journal abbreviations.

All citations in the text should refer to:

1.      Single author: the author's surname (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;

2.      Two authors: both authors' surnames and the year of publication;

3.      Three or more authors: first author's surname followed by “et al.” and the year of publication.

More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc., placed after the year of publication. Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically. Examples: “as mentioned (Harry, 2000a, 2000b, 2002; Harry and Dawn, 2005; Levine and Asano, 2004; Miller, 2006).” or “Fan et al. (2002a, b) and Kwon et al. (2005) showed …”

Reference to a journal publication:

Guo, W.S., Vigneswaran, S., Ngo, H.H., Xing, W. and Goteti, P. (2008). Comparison of the performance of submerged membrane bioreactor (SMBR) and submerged membrane adsorption bioreactor (SMABR). Bioresource Technology, 99(5), 1012-1017.


Reference to a conference publication:

Listowski, A., Ngo, H. H., Guo, W. S. and Vigneswaran, S. (2010). Benchmark study on a novel integrated assessment methodology of urban water reuse. IWA World Water Congress and Exhibition, 19–24 September, Montréal, Canada.

Reference to a book:

Cardew, P.T. and Le, M.S. (1998). Membrane Processes: A Technology Guide. The Royal Society of Chemistry, London, UK.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Aptel, P. and Buckley, C. A. (1996). Chapter 2 – Categories of membrane operations. In: Water Treatment Membrane Processes, Mallevialle, J., Odendaal. P.E. and Wiesner, M.R. (Eds.). McGraw-Hill, NewYork, USA.


Reference to a thesis:

Guo, W.S. (2005). Microfiltration Hybrid Systems in Wastewater Treatment for Reuse. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia.

Reference to a website address:

Wikipedia (The Free Encyclopedia) (2010). Ion exchange. Available at (Accessed on November 27, 2010).


Structure of the Manuscript for Industries

The format and length of manuscripts for Industries are more flexible than for Academics according to the circumstances. All the papers will be peer reviewed. The papers should provide scientists and engineers with sufficient information to allow assessment of the technology and its potential for commercial application. 

All manuscripts (except Review Articles and Correspondence) submitted should contain Title, Authors (Identifying the corresponding author with an asterisk and footnote), Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Conclusions, Acknowledgements (if applicable), and References. Tables and figures must appear consecutively in accordance with the text. The requirements of References are same as that of Academics.

Paper Template 

 Modified Paper Template-JWS.doc